Levothyroxine is a peptide that is associated with the functionality of the thyroid gland. It is occasionally referred to as L-Thyroxine, Levaxin, Thyrox, Thyrax, Eutirox, Tirosint, Thyrin, or T4. It has a molecular weight of 798.86.
Mechanics of Levothyroxine
According to scientific study that has been conducted on animal test subjects, Levothyroxine’s functionality is such that it interacts with the thyroid gland; the large endocrine gland located in the neck that controls energy, synthesizes proteins, and regulates metabolism. Specifically, the peptide engages the follicular cells in the thyroid gland. These are the cells that chiefly responsible for the production and secretions of thyroxine (that is, T4) and triiodothyronine (that is, T3).
By engaging the receptors of the follicular cells, the peptide is able to promote the expression of thyroxine and triiodothyronine. This enables for a greater production of both secretions to occur within animal test subjects. In turn, this enhances the functionality of the thyroid gland and the metabolic processes that it regulates and controls.
Theoretical Benefits of Levothyroxine
Scientific research that has been conducted on animal test subjects in relation to Levothyroxine has determined that the peptide could provide several theoretical benefits.
The primary focus on this realm of scientific study relates to the Levothyroxine’s theoretic usage in conjunction with hypothyroidism, also known as underactive thyroid. This condition is caused by an insufficient secretion from the thyroid which in turn causes a significant slowing in the metabolic processes of affected animal test subjects. The resultant conditions that stem from these slowed metabolic processes can include:
- Poor growth
- Lack of sufficient energy or lethargy
- Increased sensitivity to cold
- Unintended weight gain
- Dry, thick skin
Based on the scientific study conducted on animal test subjects, it has been theorized that Levothyroxine’s ability to promote an increase in the production of thyroid secretions related to the regulation of metabolic processes can induce an animal test subject’s thyroid to express a sufficient level of secretions in order to provide metabolic homeostasis. This, in turn would enable for the regulation and control of the secondary conditions that have been shown to result from a slowed down metabolic process.
Another theoretical benefit in relation to the use of the peptide is for the targeting and treatment of some of these secondary conditions that may be related to the production of thyroid secretions. Scientific research on animal test subjects has determined that the peptide’s capability of promotion thyroid secretions may have direct benefits in regulating a test subjects’ weight, rate of growth, or lack of sufficient energy or lethargy.
A third theoretical benefit that has been tied to Levothyroxine is for the treatment of goiter. This condition is a swelling of the thyroid gland which could not only lead to hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid, but also hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid. The latter condition can cause an accelerated metabolic process in animal test subjects, and can lead to a range of secondary issues ranging from unwanted weight loss and diarrhea to shortness of breath and heart arrhythmias.
Potential Negative Side Effects of Levothyroxine
Even though scientific research that has been conducted on animal test subjects has determined several theoretical benefits in relation to Levothyroxine, it should be noted that there have also been a few potential negative side effects that have been associated with the peptide.
The more serious negative side effects that have been related to Levothyroxine involve issue concerning the cardiovascular system. Because the peptide’s promotion of increased thyroid secretions, the metabolic processes tied to the cardiovascular system are also elevated. This in turn could lead to a rapid pulse, irregular heartbeat, or even chest pain brought about by angina (that is, a lack of oxygen to the heart) amongst animal test subjects.
Other negative side effects associated with Levothyroxine include:
- Unintended weight loss
- Cramps in stomach
- Increase in appetite
- Increased sensitivity to heat
For Scientific Use Only
Although there have been several scientific studies conducted on animal test subjects in order to determine Levothyroxine’s range of mechanics, theoretical benefits, and negative side effects, it should be noted that any findings that are associated with the peptide are still considered to be the product of current laboratory research. Because Levothyroxine is currently in the research phase, any study or usage liked to the mechanics, operations, benefits, and side effects of the peptide should solely be contained to the restrictions of a strictly controlled environment such as a medical research facility or a laboratory.